Vol.40 No.4 APR‑JUN 2012

V O L U M E 4 0 A P R I L – J U N E 2 0 1 2 N U M B E R 4 Cross-border trade . 2011 season review . Ballast system certification . Funding infrastructure needs G LGREAT LAKER Interlake Steamship ISO Certified The Interlake Steamship Company 7300 Engle Road • Middleburg Heights, Ohio 44130 Phone: 440-260-6900 • 800-327-3855 • FAX: 440-260-6945 Email: jhopkins@interlake-steamship.com Website: www.interlakesteamship.com Interlake Steamship has a long tradition of being responsive to its customers and meeting their cargo delivery challenges. Our knowledgeable and accommodating marketing personnel, together with experienced and conscientious vessel crews, will work with you to deliver your cargo where, when and how you want it. Interlake’s versatile and reliable nine-vessel self-unloading fleet, with cargo capacities ranging from 17,000 to 68,000 gross tons, is ready to fulfill your Great Lakes transportation needs. Experience our commitment to superior customer service. Put the responsive Interlake team to work for you. The international transportation magazine of Midcontinent North America Canadian-U.S. Coast Guards take steps to streamline cross-border efforts. Page 6. 2011 season sees slight tonnage, significant infrastructure gains. Page 16. Kaye E. Barker gets new life through repowering. Page 45. www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com Great Lakes/Seaway Review 221 Water Street, Boyne City, Michigan 49712 USA (800) 491-1760 FAX: (866) 906-3392 harbor@harborhouse.com Between issues of Great Lakes/Seaway Review, stay current through our news service, Digital Dateline, at www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com/digdateline/ A R T I C L E S D E P A R T M E N T S Dateline: Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The Administrator’s Outlook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Regional Shipyard Activity Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Naval Architecture & Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Maritime Heritage 1812 BICENTENNIAL FLEET SET TO SAIL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Ships to make stops in six Midwestern cities. Lakers QUEEN OF THE LAKES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 A pictorial experience of a coal run aboard the Paul R. Tregurtha. Meet the Fleet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Laker Library Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 On the Radar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Cross-Border Trade BEYOND THE BORDER DECLARATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Working toward seamless cooperation between U.S., Canadian Coast Guards. The 2011 Season APPRECIATING GAINS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 While 2011 tonnage sees slight increase, infrastructure investment takes center stage. Ballast Water Management AFTER THE RULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Great Ships Initiative enters a new stage. Infrastructure LOOKING FOR ANSWERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers conducts user survey to determine next move for new Soo Lock funding. Regulation ZONING THE WATER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 How will the U.S. National Ocean Policy impact the Fourth Seacoast? U.S. Election GREAT LAKES LEGISLATORS HAVE DISPROPORTIONATE IMPACT . . . . . . . . . 43 Influence makes the 2012 elections particularly meaningful. Shipbuilding GETTING A NEW LIFE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Kaye E. Barker undergoing full repowering. Contracts CONSENSUS OR CONFLICT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Thoughts on effective marine contracts. Regulations TARGETING EARLIER INVOLVEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Working to get the shipping industry at the ground level of regulation process. Business Development REACHING OUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 International trade marketing in the new era. G LGREAT LAKER A P R I L – J U N E 2 0 1 2 Marine Pollution Control ABS Business and Editorial Office 221 Water Street Boyne City, Michigan 49712 USA (800) 491-1760 FAX: (866) 906-3392 harbor@harborhouse.com www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com www.greatlaker.com EDITORIAL AND BUSINESS STAFF Jacques LesStrang Publisher Emeritus Michelle Cortright Publisher Janenne Irene Pung Editor Lisa Liebgott Production Manager Tina Felton Business Manager Amanda Korthase Circulation Manager ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT Kathy Booth Account Manager Rex Cassidy Account Manager James Fish Director of Sales Ellen Jenson Account Manager Patricia A. Rumpler Account Manager William W. Wellman Senior Account Manager EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD John D. Baker, President, Great Lakes District Council, International Longshoremen’s Association; Mark Barker, President, The Interlake Steamship Company; Noel L. Bassett, Vice President-Operations, American Steamship Company; Dale Bergeron, Maritime Transportation Specialist and Educator, Minnesota Sea Grant; Bruce Bowie, President, Canadian Shipowners Association; David Bolduc, Executive Director, Green Marine; Joe Cappel, Director of Cargo Development, Toledo- Lucas County Port Authority; Steven A. Fisher, Executive Director, American Great Lakes Ports Association; Anthony G. Ianello, Executive Director, Illinois International Port District; Ray Johnston, President, Chamber of Marine Commerce; Peter Kakela, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies, Michigan State University; Mark Pathy, President & Co-CEO, Fednav Limited; John Vickerman, Founding Principal, Vickerman & Associates, LLC; Mike Wallace, Member of Parliament, Burlington, Ontario; James H.I. Weakley, President, Lake Carriers’ Association; Greg Wight, President & CEO, Algoma Central Corporation. SUBSCRIPTIONS – (800) 491-1760 or www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com www.greatlaker.com Published quarterly. One year $32.00; two years $53.00; three years $75.00. Foreign: One year $47.00; two years $68.00; three years $100.00. One year digital edition $20. Payable in U.S. funds. Back issues available for $7.50. Article reprints are also available. Reprints and scans produced by others not authorized. ISSN 0037-0487 SRDS Classifications: 84, 115C, 148 Great Lakes/Seaway Review and Great Laker are published quarterly in March, June, September and December. Postmaster: Send address changes to Great Lakes/ Seaway Review, Great Laker, 221 Water Street, Boyne City, Michigan 49712 USA. © 2012 Harbor House Publishers, Inc., Boyne City, Michigan. All rights reserved. No article or portion of same may be reproduced without written permission of publisher. Great Lakes/Seaway Review Cover: The Paul R. Tregurtha takes on coal at the Port of Duluth-Superior. Great Laker Cover: Coal is offloaded from the Paul R. Tregurtha at Monroe, Michigan. THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORTATION MAGAZINE O F M I D C O N T I N E N T N O R T H A M E R I C A VOLUME 40 APRIL-JUNE 2012 NUMBER 4 2 www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com G R E A T L A K E S / S T . L A W R E N C E S E A W A Y GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 3 DATELINE New York further aligns with accepted standards The New York Department of Environmental Conservation (NYDEC) has aligned the state’s ballast water regulations with those adopted by the U.S. Coast Guard in March and those included in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) draft National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Vessel General Permit (VGP). The final EPA permit is expected to be released in November. In late May, the NYDEC published its proposed ballast water rules for December 19, 2013 through December 19, 2017, which comes as an answer to questions raised when it extended the implementation of its prior, more restrictive standard in February. In addition to aligning with the Coast Guard and EPA’s draft VGP, the discharge requirements parallel standards used internationally, as approved by the International Maritime Organization. The NYDEC is also requiring vessel operators to continue flushing ballast tanks while still off the coast, as is required by the Seaway entities. “For vessels entering the Great Lakes from outside the EEZ and carrying only residual amounts of ballast water and/or sediment, the flushing requirements are equivalent to those set forth in the May 4, 2012 edition of the Seaway Regulations and Rules, 33 CFR 401.30(f),” according to the NYDEC. “New York finds that the exchange/flushing requirements set forth in this condition, including the combination of treatment with exchange or flushing, are needed to prevent impairment of waters for their best usage and are thus needed to comply with the New York State statutes and regulations.” In a letter to the EPA, a DEC official stated: “The department finds that the conditions in the draft VGP cannot be made less stringent without violating water quality standards and other requirements of state law.” . HMT passes Senate, before House committee The Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund Act 2011 (S. 1813) has been passed by the Senate. It is designed to help ensure money deposited in the fund is used for the intended purpose: to properly maintain and operate the nation’s federally-authorized waterways. A version of the legislation was included in the transportation reauthorization bill, passed by the Senate March 14. Similar language has been included in the House bill (H.R. 4348), which was passed and is in conference committee as part of the transportation reauthorization bill. An amendment directs all funding be used on dredging each year. “Passage of H.R. 4348 with the Boustany amendment represents further progress in requiring that the Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund monies all be spent on dredging each year,” said Eugene Caldwell, President of Great Lakes Maritime Task Force. Caldwell is also Vice President and General Manager of Bay Shipbuilding Company in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin. The Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund has always had enough money to dredge all the nation’s deep-draft ports and waterways. . Fednav adds Federal Sutton to fleet Fednav Limited of Montreal, Quebec recently added another new vessel to its fleet. The Federal Sutton was built at Zhejiang Ouhua Shipbuilding Co. in China. This is the third new vessel, all sister ships, to launch from a series of 15 new vessels ordered from shipyards in China and Japan. The Federal Sutton is 190 meters long and has a beam of 28.3 meters. Its sister ships are the Federal Sable and Federal Skeena, which have already sailed in the system. The trio is part of an order for eight ice-class vessels to be delivered yet this year. They are all 37,200 DWT. Fednav has also ordered four new 55,000 DWT bulk carriers for its Japanese partners Sumitomo Corporation and Oshima Shipyard. The ships are designed to navigate ice and will deliver through 2014. The company will also acquire three bulk carriers of 35,300 DWT from Oshima to begin operating for Fednav between 2012 and 2015. The ships represent and investment of more than $400 million. . Congresswoman Marcy Kaptur, Representative of Northern Ohio’s Ninth Congressional District, breaks a bottle of champaign on the hull of the tugboat Handy-Three at Great Lakes Shipyard in May. The tug was built at the Clevelandbased shipyard and is the third of a class of Handy Size tugboats designed by Jensen Maritime Consultants. Kaptur championed the passage and funding of the Assistance to Small Shipyards Grant Program, which makes grants for capital and related improvements for qualified small shipyard facilities to foster efficiency, competitive operations and quality ship construction and repair. Great Lakes Shipyard has been the recipient of these grants. Ship completion recognized with naming ceremony New Administrator at Seaway helm In May, Collister Johnson, Jr. ceased serving as Administration for the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation. He was about five months from fulfilling the seven-year appointment by former President George W. Bush. Johnson was instrumental in establishing the U.S. Seaway Asset Renewal Program, which involves a 10-year investment in upgrading the Seaway’s assets. Craig Middlebrook, who previously served as Deputy Administration and has been with the Seaway for 17 years, has been appointed Acting Administrator. To read Middlebrook’s The Administrator’s Outlook, please turn to page 29. . CSL christens new vessels, orders two more With the first laker launched and being outfitted, Canada Steamship Lines (CSL) has ordered two additional gearless bulk vessels for use in the Great Lakes/ St. Lawrence Seaway system. The first completed laker has been christened the Baie St. Paul and is expected to arrive in the system this season. The additional order brings CSL’s order to six Trillium Class lakers, both to be built at the Yangfan Shipyard in Zhejiang Province, China to enter service in the spring of 2014. “These new gearless bulkers continue the momentum created by the construction of the Trillium Class self-unloading vessels and further position CSL among the most efficient, reliable and environmentally sustainable fleets in marine transportation,” said Dan McCarthy, CSL Vice-President, Marketing and Customer Service. “Investing in sustainable technologies makes good business sense. It creates a competitive edge with state of the art operational and energy efficiencies. This investment in our fleet will help meet the growing needs of our customers and will ensure superior service for years to come.” The 36,100-DWT bulkers will be Seaway max size and feature IMO Tier II compliant main engines with the latest environmental and safety systems. For more information on shipbuilding, turn to page 45. . Andrie 4 www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com D A T E L I N E Clipper sails into Duluth on maiden voyage A newly-christened oceangoing vessel, Clipper Gemini, delivers gas and steam turbine/generator components to the Port of Duluth-Superior. The 393-foot Bahamianflag vessel left Kobe, Japan February 23 and entered the St. Lawrence Seaway April 28. The six heavy-lift units arrived in Duluth-Superior May 5 and were loaded onto a specialized railcar with final delivery to ENMAX Shepard Energy Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. New port director joins Port of Indiana- Burns Harbor Anthony Kuk is the new Port Director for the Port of Indiana- Burns Harbor in Portage, Indiana. Kuk (pronounced Cook) has been serving as General Manager for Nexeo Solutions’ Midwest operations, based in Chicago. As of May 14, he replaced Peter Laman, who is planning to move back to his hometown in Michigan after a transition period. “We’re sorry to see Pete leave us but we’re very pleased to have someone of Anthony’s caliber to lead our efforts on the Great Lakes,” said Rich Cooper, CEO for the Ports of Indiana. “Anthony’s operational management and global logistics experience with a major industrial company make him a great fit for this role.” Prior to joining the Ports of Indiana, Kuk worked with Nexeo Solutions and its predecessor since 2005, directing operations for multiple facilities in the Midwest generating $400 million in revenue. Before Nexeo, Kuk held leadership roles for Unisource Worldwide Inc., Consolidated Freightways and Preston Trucking Co., all in the Chicago area. He is a graduate of Benedictine University where he earned a bachelor’s degree in business administration and will be receiving an MBA from DePaul University in the near future. Kuk is relocating to Northwest Indiana from the Chicagoland area with his family. . U.S. fed, Great Lakes states encourage offshore wind projects As part of President Barack Obama’s approach to energy, the Administration has joined with the governors of Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, New York and Pennsylvania in signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to streamline offshore wind development in the Great Lakes. “President Obama is focused on leveraging American energy sources, including increased oil and gas production, the safe development of Gibbs named Legislator of the Year Congressman Bob Gibbs (ROH) has been named 2012 Great Lakes Legislator of the Year by Great Lakes Maritime Task Force (GLMTF). Gibbs, who represents Ohio’s 18th District in the House of Representatives, was presented the award in Washington in June. “Rep. Gibbs’ first term in Congress has been remarkably focused on the issue that will decide the future of Great Lakes shipping—the dredging crisis,” said Eugene Caldwell, President of GLMTF. “He was the 100th co-sponsor of the RAMP (Restore America’s Maritime Promise) Act. This legislation requires the Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund to spend all the tax dollars it collects for dredging on dredging, as it was originally intended.” Gibbs is Chairman of the House Water Resources and Environment Subcommittee of the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. Upon receiving the award, he said the economic importance of maritime trade cannot be underestimated. . Bob Gibbs Anthony Kuk The Great Lakes premiere marine transportation company offering: • Asphalt & fuel oil transportation • Vessel & fleet management • Project management • Ice breaking • Ship assistance • General towing Stan Andrie President 231.332.9227 Mike Caliendo Vice-President—Transportation 231.332.9243 P.O. Box 1548 Muskegon, MI 49443 Fax 231.726.6747 www.andrie.com Duluth Seaway Port Authority REGIONAL CALENDAR GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 5 REGIONAL CALENDAR D A T E L I N E nuclear power, as well as renewable energy from sources like wind and solar, which is on track to double in the President’s first term,” said Nancy Sutley, Chair of the White House Council on Environmental Quality. “This agreement among federal agencies and Great Lakes states is a smart, practical way to encourage the development of homegrown energy that will create jobs, power homes and help increase our nation’s energy security.” Federal and state agencies will develop an action plan that sets priorities and recommends steps for achieving efficient and responsible evaluation of proposed offshore wind power projects in the Great Lakes region. Unlocking the Great Lakes’ offshore wind energy resources could yield economic and environmental benefits and has the potential to produce more than 700 gigawatts of energy from offshore wind, about one fifth of the total offshore wind potential in the U.S. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory estimates that each gigawatt of offshore wind installed could produce enough electricity to power 300,000 homes. “In Illinois, we believe investing in clean energy projects and the development of wind resources helps promote economic development and create jobs, while reducing our dependence on foreign energy sources,” Illinois Governor Pat Quinn said. “We rank fifth among the states for the most installed wind capacity,” said Minnesota Governor Mark Dayton. “We look forward to sharing our expertise with other states and federal agencies, to learning from them and to collaborating on the further development of offshore wind resources.” “This MOU offers a responsible mechanism for enhanced and efficient collaboration among federal, state and local interests in evaluating processes and proposals for development of this resource,” said New York Governor Andrew Cuomo. . JUNE 26-28 Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative Annual Member Meeting & Conference Quebec City, Quebec, www.glslcities.org JULY 8-10 2012 TRB Summer Meeting Arnold and Mabel Beckman Conference Center Irvine, California 949-721-2200, www.trb.org SEPTEMBER 13-14 2012 Ohio Conference on Freight Kalahari Conference Center Sandusky, Ohio www.tmacog.org 25-26 Great Lakes Wind Collaborative 4th Annual Meeting Sheraton Erie Bayfront Hotel Erie, Pennsylvania John Hummer, jhummer@glc.org www.glc.org 27-28 GLMRI Fall Meeting Duluth, Minnesota, www.glmri.org OCTOBER 9-11 Breakbulk Americas 2012 George R. Brown Convention Center and Hilton Americas Houston, Texas www.breakbulkevents.com 15-16 TRANSLOG 2012 Ron Joyce Center Burlington, Ontario http://mitl.mcmaster.ca/translog/ registration.html 24-26 SNAME 2012 Annual Meeting & Expo Westin Hotel & Rhode Island Convention Center Providence, Rhode Island Alana Anderson, alana@sname.org www.sname.org NOVEMBER 14-15 2012 Hwy H2O Conference Toronto Airport Marriott Hotel www.hwyh2o-conferences.com The Port of Duluth delivers one heavyweight performance after another when it comes to moving dimensional equipment for oil and gas production, wind energy cargo, and other huge and heavy industrial components. Located at the western tip of the Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway, Duluth anchors a fast, flexible multimodal freight network to and from the heartland across the U.S. and Canada. Strategic location. Logistics expertise. Award-winning service. A world-class reputation for smooth moves. Top-Ranked Port in North America by the Railway Industrial Clearance Association 218.727.8525 www.duluthport.com THE BIG THE WIDE THE HEAVY C R O S S – B O R D E R T R A D E 6 www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com SOURCE: U.S. COAST GUARD C R O S S – B O R D E R T R A D E GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 7 CAPTAIN STEPHEN TORPEY Chief of Response Ninth Coast Guard District The Detroit-Windsor border crossing is a microcosm of the challenges, threats and opportunities that exist throughout the shared border with Canada. It has the busiest international border crossing in terms of trade volume at the Ambassador Bridge. It’s divided by a narrow 60-mile maritime border of the Detroit and St. Clair Rivers—a maritime border so narrow that the Coast Guard Station in Belle Isle cannot even get underway from their moorings without crossing into Canadian waters. It’s also an extremely accessible maritime border—there are more than 118,000 U.S. registered boats between Lakes Huron and Erie alone. The Detroit-Windsor area is a key center of gravity for many cross-border initiatives. The collaborative spirit is vital to building the seamless bi-national enterprise of safety, security and stewardship envisioned by President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Harper in their Beyond the Border Declaration. The declaration clearly states: “The United States and Canada are staunch allies, vital economic partners and steadfast friends. We share responsibility for the safety, security and resilience of the United States and Canada in an increasingly integrated and globalized world.” I could not agree more. Beyond the Border Declaration Working toward seamless cooperation between U.S., Canadian Coast Guards Coast Guard Cutter Buckthorn departs eastbound from the Soo Locks April 17, 2012 to retrieve winter mark buoys and replace them with lighted reflective buoys, part of an aids-to-navigation partnership program with the Canadian Coast Guard. Canada Steamship Lines C R O S S – B O R D E R T R A D E GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 9 (JIVT) established between the Coast Guard and Transport Canada in Montreal. JIVT enables joint Coast Guard and Transport Canada inspection teams to visit selected foreign-flagged vessels at the entrance to the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway system. Together, they ensure regulatory compliance with international security regimes and identify potential threats or shortfalls before they enter. At its core, the JIVT initiative recognizes the Great Lakes for the system it is. Once a commercial vessel enters the Great Lakes, it has equal opportunity access to both countries. Regardless of a vessel’s intended port of call, it could cross the border up to 17 times while transiting from the St. Lawrence Seaway to Duluth, Minnesota. The Coast Guard is working hard to find ways to build on the success of the JIVT program to enhance security for collective efficiency throughout the system. While JIVT has improved the shared vetting and regulatory compliance verification of vessels, we can do better in sharing crew manifest and screening information. Once a vessel enters the Great Lakes, it is in the internal waters of the two countries. When crewmembers change out within the Great Lakes, there are few formal processes to ensure the crew changes are transparent and shared with both countries. We can do better. Canada’s Marine Security Operations Center (MSOC) initiative holds great promise to help in this regard. In addition to the MSOCs on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, the Great Lakes MSOC is located There is little that happens on the waters of the Great Lakes that isn’t of bi-national interest and importance. As we say often in the Coast Guard—nearly every aspect of our operations on the Great Lakes is watermarked with Canada. Our governments have made clear the strategic intent. Success will depend on how we translate that shared responsibility and the principles articulated in the Beyond the Border Declaration into effective action. The seamless enterprise envisioned by our governments and required for our collective security will require systems and governance structures that assure the following: shared awareness, seamless operations and synchronized priorities. Shared awareness. Without a common understanding of threats, information and intelligence gaps—it will be difficult to operate seamlessly or execute the right priorities. Substantial progress, though, has been made in recent years on a variety of fronts, such as the Joint Initial Verification Team The United States and Canada are staunch allies, vital economic partners and steadfast friends. We share responsibility for the safety, security and resilience of the United States and Canada in an increasingly integrated and globalized world. Lt. Justin Westmiller of Coast Guard Sector Detroit demonstrates to Canadian Coast Guardsmen and other industry partners the capabilities and benefits of Rescue 21, a search and rescue communications system allowing the Coast Guard to better locate mariners in distress and save lives and property. SOURCE: U.S. COAST GUARD Fednav FEDNAV Reliable Partner T www.fednav.com View our environmental policy at business and operating practices We are committed to environmen y www.fednav.com es. onmentally responsible FMT FALLine Fednav Direct C R O S S – B O R D E R T R A D E GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 11 in Niagara, Ontario. We have a U.S. Coast Guard liaison assigned to the Great Lakes MSOC and I hope to mature this relationship further in the months and years ahead so the MSOC can truly become a bi-national clearinghouse for generating and disseminating vital maritime domain awareness information. We must leverage initiatives such as JIVT and MSOC in order to build cross-border common operating and intelligence pictures. History tells us it is possible and our shared future tells us it is required. Since 1957, our countries have enjoyed a unique partnership in continental air defense at the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). While the maritime and land border domains are quite different in their accessibility and relative volume, the lesson from NORAD is that we are capable of building effective bi-national organizations and shared systems equipped to detect, identify and respond to threats. If we can share such solutions with extremely sensitive aerospace defense capabilities and response protocols, we can surely find a way to ensure efficient vessel, cargo and passenger screening information. The Coast Guard looks forward to the day when a command center will have a common operating picture of all U.S. and Canadian maritime assets operating on the Great Lakes. The Coast Guard looks forward to the day when our cutters, aircraft and small boats talk to each other on protected networks without having to hotwire different radio systems together temporarily. We know that day won’t be today but I’m more confident than ever with the impetus of the Beyond the Border Declaration that day isn’t far off. Seamless operations. The tyranny of time and distance, particularly in the maritime domain of the Great Lakes, demands agile and coordinated responses. The 1999 tri-lateral Search and Rescue agreement between the U.S., United Kingdom and Canada is a terrific example of what’s possible with partnership and trust. In the Great Lakes, it’s an agreement we exercise almost daily during the boating season. With the unseasonably warm weather this year, the shared Search and Rescue season is unfortunately off to a fast start. On March 27, the U.S.-flagged tug Patrice McAllister suffered a catastrophic fire while steaming in the Canadian waters of Eastern Lake Ontario. The Canadian and U.S. Coast Guards responded immediately. Ultimately, the professionals of the Canadian Coast Guard rescued all six crewmembers onboard. Tragically, one of the crewmembers died after being brought ashore as a result of injuries suffered during the initial fire. From the darkness of that tragedy, we see the light of how important a seamless bi-national response is to our lives. Cana- Crewmembers aboard the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Morro Bay, a 140-foot icebreaking tug temporarily assigned to the Great Lakes, prepare to pull alongside the Canadian Coast Guard ship Samuel Risley to transfer a rescued snowmobiler last winter. Morro Bay’s crew, along with Canadian search and rescue agencies, searched an area of about 20 square nautical miles before finding the man about four nautical miles southwest of Colchester, Ontario. Regardless of a vessel’s intended port of call, it could cross the border up to 17 times while transiting from the St. Lawrence Seaway to Duluth, Minnesota. SOURCE: CANADIAN COAST GUARD Adonis Bring your ships and shore together in one integrated system A Complete Maritime Human Resource System: Crew Management .. Crew Planning .. Course Planning .. Competence Matrix and Requirements .. Documents scanning .. Mail Merge .. Web Recruitment Portal Full US Payroll with built-in tax and social security .. All AMO, SIU and USW calculations and reporting Check printing .. Direct Deposit interfaces .. Accounting System interfaces .. E-mail interface .. Automatic ship-shore replication of crew and payroll information For more information, visit our website: www.adonis.no Tailor- made for the Great Lakes zpirit.no C R O S S – B O R D E R T R A D E GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 13 dian assets were closer and responded immediately. But had the case occurred elsewhere in Canadian waters—where U.S. assets were closer—the border would not have slowed our response. The 1999 tri-lateral agreement makes clear that when necessary to render emergency assistance to persons, vessels or aircraft in distress, a response asset from one country may enter the territory of another country and make notifications as soon as practical. We can act first to save lives. As soon as the rescue actions were complete in the Patrice McAllister case, U.S. and Canadian officials immediately turned their attention to potential marine environmental threats. Pollution response staffs stayed in contact to assess the threat and determine if an activation of the Canada-U.S. Joint Marine Contingency Plan, also known as CANUSLAK, was necessary. The fuel storage onboard the vessel remained intact and no pollution occurred. But thanks to a robust bi-national exercise and review program, the shared pollution response would have been as seamless as the initial rescue. Pertaining to law enforcement. The same seamless operations are not necessarily in place for cross-border criminal threats. Law enforcement missions carry with them additional sensitivities, such as weapons carriage and differing statutory enforcement schemes. The Coast Guards must respect these sensitivities and the individual sovereignty of our nations. But we can’t let these sensitivities prevent us from finding shared solutions. These are not easy issues, but the partnership and trust established with our Canadian friends in other mission areas show us what is possible. Last month, crews from the Coast Guard and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) arrived at the Coast Guard’s Maritime Law Enforcement Academy in Charleston, South Carolina to train together to eventually conduct integrated maritime law enforcement operations pursuant to the framework agreement signed in May 2009, commonly known as Shiprider. The agreement will be a significant advance in cross-border mission execution, exponentially improving the ability of the bi-national agencies to conduct maritime law enforcement and security operations. More important, Shiprider will make it harder for criminal elements and other threats to exploit the geography and proximity of the shared maritime border. As the designated central authorities for the Shiprider agreement, the Coast Guard and RCMP have been working hand-inhand to develop standard operating procedures, training plans and concepts of operations. These have all been informed by the significant success of numerous pilot The Coast Guard looks forward to the day when a command center will have a common operating picture of all U.S. and Canadian maritime assets operating on the Great Lakes. Buoy deck team members of the Coast Guard Cutter Buckthorn prepare to set and commission a lighted, radar-reflective ice buoy in the channel near Neebish Island in Lake Huron. The buoy is Canadian and will be deployed by the Buckthorn crew as part of an aidsto- navigation partnership with the Canadian Coast Guard. SOURCE: U.S. COAST GUARD Ports of Indiana C R O S S – B O R D E R T R A D E 14 www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com operations, including for the Vancouver Olympics and G20 Summit in Toronto. They are also constructed to assure respect of our separate legal frameworks that protect privacy and civil liberties. In early May, Canada took the next step in the ratification process, which could pass yet this year. Passage would provide shared authority, capability and success. Synchronized priorities. The priorities are pretty clear thanks to the Beyond the Border Declaration. It commits us all to a shared perimeter approach to security— working together within, at and away from the borders of the two countries to enhance security and accelerate the flow of legitimate people, goods and services. The safety, security and resilience of both the U.S. and Canada rely on our ability to work together across multiple public and private stakeholders to: • Share information • Address threats early • Facilitate trade and economic growth • Protect critical infrastructure • Conduct integrated cross-border law enforcement, while valuing and respecting the sovereign rights of each country and its citizens The strategic intent of our governments is clearly not as much about the “what” as the “how.” There is no shortage of federal, state, local and academic endeavors with interest in U.S./Canada border issues. From economic to environmental, from safety to security, there are commissions, councils, forums, institutes and other bodies that focus on nearly every aspect of the binational border. From that cacophony of shared interests, it can be difficult to find harmony. Safety, security and resilience along the shared border are not mutually exclusive goals. They are as inextricably linked as the two countries. But individual sovereignty and bureaucratic disparities can often dissuade harmonized solutions. Maritime threats and risks rarely fit neatly within an individual lane of agency or geographic responsibility. And in the Great Lakes system, what happens in one area invariably has direct and indirect impacts on other parts of the system. In June 2012, with the strong partnership of Chief Gallegos of the Border Patrol Detroit Sector and others, a regional partner initiative with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) began in the Great Lakes. It brought together the leaders of the Coast Guard, Customs and Border Protection and The U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Buckthorn (front) and Canadian Coast Guard Ship Samuel Risley are open for public tours during the Coast Guard Festival in Grand Haven, Michigan. SOURCE: U.S. COAST GUARD The Great Lakes Group C R O S S – B O R D E R T R A D E GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 15 Homeland Security Investigations to develop standard operating procedures for coordinated air and maritime operations. That effort has now matured into the Great Lakes Coordinating Council (GLCC). The effort began recognizing the systemic nature of the Great Lakes. To build a unified effort across the system with Canadian, as well as U.S. federal, state and local partners, we needed a means to ensure our own DHS “house” was in order. While still an evolving effort, it’s already producing results. We have established recreational, commercial vessel boarding and inspection, and intelligence working groups to identify and help resolve redundancies, gaps and conflicts across the DHS enterprise in the Great Lakes. The council’s efforts, including our Canadian partners, will help us work together on bi-national initiatives supportive of the Beyond the Border Declaration and Action Plan. We need to work hard to bring harmony and synchronization to those priorities and ensure a common-sense governance structure that enables us to get the work done—together. The roadmap toward improved U.S./ Canada border security will be marked by signs repeatedly pointing us toward shared awareness, seamless operational and synchronized priorities. In August 1940, in the face of growing and common threats, President Roosevelt and Canadian Prime Minister King met at Ogdensburg, New York on the shores of the St. Lawrence River. The two leaders agreed—in what became known as the Ogdensburg Declaration—to establish a Permanent Joint Board of Defense. This agreement laid the foundation for what would become an unprecedented period of defense cooperation, including NORAD and many other initiatives which continue to this day. At its core, the Ogdensburg Declaration was a recognition that neither country could adequately provide for the defense of North America alone. It required a systemic view with shared responsibilities and seamless capabilities. The Beyond the Border Declaration can and will have similar lasting effects. . Capt. Stephen Torpey is assigned as the Chief of Response for the Ninth Coast Guard District in Cleveland, Ohio. He is primarily charged with the management of all law enforcement, search and rescue, pollution response, operational communications and intelligence programs within the Great Lakes region. 16 www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com tunity for coal to export to Rotterdam and Spain and iron ore to export to China. Grain volume decreased by 6.4 percent while strong increases in bulk liquids, salt and scrap metal contributed to the system’s overall increase of 930,000 metric tons over the 2010 total. A third of the system’s primary cargoes, coal, remained steady with the 2010 season, totaling about 3.7 million metric tons in 2011. General cargoes such as iron ore and steel products experienced about a 5 percent gain over 2010 totals, with project cargoes nearly doubling over the year due to shipments of wind components and petroleum/ gas engineering equipment. Statistics for 2011 Seaway trade over 2010 shows: • Other bulk – 14.7 million metric tons, up from 12.3 million metric tons • Iron ore – 8.8 million metric tons, down from 9.7 million metric tons • Grain – 8.6 million metric tons, down from 9.2 million metric tons • Coal – 3.71 million metric tons, up from 3.7 million metric tons • General cargo – 1.6 million metric tons, up from 1.5 million metric tons “We recognize that while some of our core markets remain under pressure, work is progressing in terms of diversifying our market base, containing our costs and increasing the system’s productivity,” Bowles said. “Over the last four years, our market development efforts have generated $12.5 million in new business revenue.” Interlake trade. With U.S.-flagged ships moving 85 million metric tons—up nearly five million metric tons from 2010—the statistics are near the five-year average, according to Lake Carriers’ Association (LCA). Iron ore cargoes for interlake trade in- With tonnage moving through the Seaway up 1.1 million metric tons and interlake trade up 4.6 million metric tons—or 12.4 percent—from 2010, Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway system stakeholders are looking to the future as 2011 totals for both Seaway and interlake trade approaches five-year averages. “The overall volume has increased every year since 2009,” said Terry Bowles, President/ CEO of the St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation. “The 2011 results indicate the value of the Seaway to many people we serve.” “The Great Lakes region’s maritime industry is strong and getting stronger, offering billions in savings annually,” said David Matsuda, Administrator of the U.S. Maritime Administration. “This story needs to be general knowledge for the people of the United States.” During the 2011 season, the system moved 37.5 million metric tons of cargo, only 700,000 metric tons less than the fiveyear average. The length of the navigation season—284 days for the Montreal-Lake Ontario section—was the longest in the Seaway’s 53-year history. “This is the second consecutive year of increases in Seaway traffic and tonnage, reflecting the resilience of the North American economy,” said Craig Middlebrook, Acting Administrator for the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation (SLSDC). While cargo carried through the Canadian locks aboard 4,225 ships showed a decrease in two of the system’s top three commodities—iron ore and grain—double- digit increases were realized with other bulk products, such as petroleum, coke, salt, ores and concentrates, chemicals and scrap metals. Liquid petroleum products, like gasoline and fuel oil, experienced the most dramatic increase through an oil refinery in Sarnia, Ontario shutting down for maintenance. As a result, a total of $2.3 million metric tons of petroleum products—a 64 percent increase—were imported. Strong overseas demand created oppor- While 2011 tonnage sees slight increase, infrastructure investment takes center stage T H E 2 0 1 1 S E A S O N Appreciating gains The Paul R. Tregurtha draws the attention of passersby as she stops in Duluth to load coal. T H E 2 0 1 1 S E A S O N creased 12.4 percent to 42.8 million metric tons. The upturn reflects the continued rebound in domestic steel production. However, with Ontario moving toward a ban on coal-powered electrical production in 2014, coal carried by LCA members fell 6 percent. The limestone trade increased by 5 percent, to 1.94 million metric tons, remaining well below the five-year average of 21.1 million metric tons, indicating a continued lag in the construction industry. Good news for 2012. The St. Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation reported that year-to-date total cargo shipments for the period March 22 to May 31, 2012 were 8.9 million metric tons, up 320,000 metric tons over the same period in 2011. Stakeholders are citing several reasons to be optimistic about the current season, including a new trade pattern surfacing to move U.S. Powder River Basin low-sulphur coal to Europe. Trial shipments sailed through the Seaway in 2011. A three-year contract beginning in 2012 outlines the shipment of 1.4 million metric tons to move to Europe annually. “Coal shipments, the Seaway’s second largest commodity by tonnage for more than a decade, registered a 40 percent increase in April to start off the waterway’s 2012 navigation season strong,” said Rebecca Spruill, Director of SLSDC’s Office of Trade Development. “Overall, tonnage numbers reflected a modest jump over last year’s figures with the Seaway’s historic commodity leader—iron ore—posting strong gains (up 8 percent) to offset overall poor grain performance (down 9 percent).” Expectations also include seeing more project imports, such as wind components, gas/oil turbines, generators, hydrocrackers, boilers, transformers and more. The rapid growth of the shale gas industry in eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania—and potentially western New York—suggest pipe shipments will be added to project cargo. “The St. Lawrence Seaway’s traffic performance by tonnage handled reflects the nation’s overall economic performance, so we anticipate continued, modest improvement as the U.S. continues to recover from the sharpest recession in decades,” Middlebrook said, noting growth for the season is estimated to be about 4 percent. The North American steel industry is showing signs of continued improvement. Iron ore shipments through the Seaway rose to 1.1 million metric tons, which included transshipments to Quebec for international export. Bulk materials, which include construction materials such as stone and cement, increased by 15 percent to 1.2 million metric tons in April compared to the same month in 2011. Salt tonnage posted a 28 percent rise over last year to 328,000 metric tons as GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 17 During the 2011 season, the system moved 37.5 million metric tons of cargo, only 700,000 metric tons less than the five-year average. U.S.-Flag Cargo Movement on the Great Lakes 2007-2011 and Five-Year Average (net tons) Commodity 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Direct Shipments 45,049,721 45,329,607 23,271,702 39,663,547 44,443,975 39,551,710 Transshipments 2,156,662 1,893,887 759,385 2,364,871 2,780,768 1,991,115 Total – Iron Ore 47,206,383 47,223,494 24,031,087 42,028,418 47,224,743 41,542,825 Lake Superior 16,692,347 17,962,580 15,427,708 15,847,574 12,954,188 15,776,879 Lake Michigan 2,718,874 3,253,001 1,996,793 2,017,395 3,166,372 2,630,487 Lake Erie 5,759,408 3,756,042 3,250,387 3,674,897 4,118,767 4,111,900 Total – Coal 25,170,629 24,971,623 20,674,888 21,539,866 20,239,327 22,519,267 Limestone 25,966,057 23,632,070 17,067,232 20,410,266 21,434,839 21,702,093 Cement 3,602,488 3,294,071 2,865,323 2,782,259 2,817,846 3,072,397 Salt 1,241,297 1,224,769 1,260,901 1,391,239 1,452,134 1,314,068 Sand 449,474 359,191 262,805 225,593 332,172 325,847 Grain 404,873 247,597 304,507 306,872 283,200 309,410 Totals 104,041,201 100,952,815 66,466,743 88,684,513 93,784,261 90,785,907 SOURCE: LAKE CARRIERS’ ASSOCIATION SURVEY OF MEMBER CARRIERS Iron Ore Coal Average 2007-2011 Lower Lakes Towing 18 Our latest vessel repowering featuring the most advanced technology and environmental protection available • 41% reduction in fuel consumption • Corresponding reduction in GHG Emissions • 46% reduction in SOx emissions • 33% reduction in NOx emissions And generator package • Fourth vessel to be repowered since the Year 2000 • Shaft alternators • Economizers • Water lubricated stern bearings • Full automation • Increased annual carrying capacity due to improved performance Setting A Course for the Future! LOWER LAKES TOWING LTD. LOWER LAKES TRANSPORTATION COMPANY P.O. Box 1149, 517 Main Street, Port Dover, Ontario N0A 1N0 Telephone 519-583-0982 Fax 519-583-1946 lowerlakes@kwic.com T H E 2 0 1 1 S E A S O N GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 19 North American cities replenish their reserves for road salting next winter. Of primary concern for stakeholders again in 2012 is passage of legislation to protect the Harbor Maintenance Trust Fund for system use. Decreasing dollars for dredging have created even greater interest in the issue. This year, only 16 ports will be dredged, which is heightening concern over ships light-loading to get into Great Lakes’ harbors. Port close-ups. The Port of Chicago moved slightly more than five million metric tons of cargo in 2011, representing an increase of 7 percent over 2010 volumes. Sluggish local and U.S. economies forced the port district’s tenants and stevedores to seek new commodities and cargoes, said Anthony Ianello, Executive Director for the Illinois International Port District. Even more importantly, he added, they sought cargoes which may have switched to other modes of transportation. Re-educating shippers about the advantages of using the Seaway system was key to the port’s growth, according to Ianello. Seaway business incentives helped by allowing companies to take full advantage of the system and become more competitive. Ianello remains confident the cargo volumes achieved in 2011 will by sustained as the economy rebounds with historical cargoes rebounding as well. Bulk cargo tonnage increased by 33 percent at the Port of Cleveland, contributing to significant growth in the 2011 season. The port handled a total of 3.1 million metric tons of cargo, compared to 2.4 million metric tons in 2010. The port also handled its first wind-energy cargo and continued to pursue more opportunities in this growing market. As a result, project cargo tonnage at the port increased by 81 percent. “Actively positioning the port in the transport and handling of project cargo, including wind-energy components, is a targeted growth area for the Port of Cleveland,” said David Gutheil, Vice President of Maritime and Logistics. The Seaway’s business incentives and marketing efforts have benefitted the port as well, according to Gutheil. He reports an increase in inquiries from freight forwarders and shippers that have not traditionally considered the Great Lakes as a viable transportation option. Approximately one mile of new rail track is under construction at the port and will be completed by fall. The track will connect the two existing Class 1 rail lines and increase the port’s competitiveness for cargoes requiring ship-to-rail or rail-toship service. Gutheil is optimistic about the port’s 2012 season. “We expect to see higher volumes of cargo, particularly international cargo, moving through the Great Lakes,” he said. “Our port aims to build additional vessel capacity to handle the increase as more shippers realize our system is a cost-effective, all-water alternative to moving cargo through East Coast ports.” An improving automotive industry was reflected in increased port volumes—up nearly 25 percent from 2010—at the Port of Detroit. The port handled a total of 395,522 tons of steel coils and aluminum ingots for the season. “We expect a steady, if not dramatic, improvement in our port business as regional manufacturers served by our port get healthier,” said Steve Olinek, Deputy Director, noting the port is routinely providing quotes on moving wind turbine equipment. In addition, the port completed construction on a public dock, terminal and the port authority headquarters in 2011. Infrastructure improvements to commercial terminals are scheduled to occur over the next several years. The Twin Ports of Duluth-Superior finished the 2011 season nearly 2.5 million metric tons down from the previous season, from 36.1 to 33.7 million metric tons. The boost in the 2010 tonnage resulted from a 68 percent increase in grain exports. There were ups and some downs, though the Port of Duluth-Superior ended the season on a positive note thanks to a 17 percent increase in iron ore shipments (46 percent of the 2011 total) and steady performances by limestone, salt, cement and general cargo. Coal shipments (38 percent) were off by 20 percent, triggered in large by Canada’s transition from coal-burning power plant to natural gas and renewable. In 2011, worldwide grain harvests yielded an over-supply of quality grain, Russia and the Ukraine lifted export bans and a Wind turbine parts are unloaded from MV BBC Orinoco at Keefer Terminal in June 2011. The parts were trucked to the Greenwich Wind Farm in Dorion, Ontario throughout the summer. SOURCE: OGDENSBURG BRIDGE & PORT AUTHORITY Wartsila difficult growing season in Minnesota and North Dakota resulted in a 40 percent decrease in exports. New business was created through moving thousands of super sacks of tiny ceramic beads, known as ceramic proppant, which are used for hydraulic fracturing in gas/oil exploration in North Dakota and Canada. “While it’s too early to speculate on grain, the outlook for 2012 is just as strong if not slightly better,” said Duluth Seaway Port Authority Executive Director Adolph Ojard. “We expect to see more general cargo, including wind components and other project cargo already on the books.” In addition, coal should increase with additional exports contracted to Europe, with iron ore expected to move as plants operate at maximum capacity. The Port of Green Bay finished the 2011 season strong, moving 2.2 million metric tons of cargo through the port, up 25 percent from 2010. Contributors to the successful season included increases in domestic imports of both gypsum and petroleum coke, as well as a 130 percent increase in foreign imports of salt. “The season started off right and kept holding strong, a good indicator that the economy is picking up,” said Port Manager Dean Haen. “If manufacturers are ordering raw materials, they are doing so for a reason, which means more production.” The addition of the U.S. Venture terminal also contributed to the increase in tonnage, according to Haen. “U.S. Venture exported more than 210,000 metric tons of petroleum products in 2011,” he said. “The port didn’t have movement in this area in 2010, so it definitely made a positive impact on the numbers.” Mild winter weather was a factor as well, leading to an extended season and a 32 percent increase in the number of ships in port compared to 2010. The shipping industry continues to be the most cost-effective method for transporting commodities and based on the 2011 numbers, Haen expects positive results from the current season. “The port is a vital component of our area’s economy,” he said. “We want to capitalize on that and extend the port’s reach to new markets in Northeast Wisconsin in 2012.” The Port of Hamilton attracted more than C$32 million in new contracts in 2011, resulting in both long- and shortterm job creation. Although overall tonnage decreased by about 12 percent, the port showed growth in other areas, posting increases in agricultural shipments, general cargo and asphalt. Steel remained the primary cargo through the port at more than 76 percent of the total tonnage, although volume was affected by the U.S. steel lockout, said Ian Hamilton, Vice President of Business Development. As a result of the lock-out, the port adopted a cargo diversification strategy, attracting new cargo flows. The effort was aided by Seaway business incentives, said Hamilton, who anticipates continued growth in agriculture, petroleum products and project cargo this season. Plans for infrastructure improvements at the port include expansion at the Lafarge, Bermingham and Richardson terminals and the addition of a 20,000-metric-ton liquid tank at the Agrico terminal. For the fourth consecutive year, the Ports of Indiana reported growth, moving more than eight million metric tons of cargo, a 5 percent increase in total shipments for Indiana’s three ports. “Our 2011 shipments were nearly a million tons higher than the five-year average,” said Ports of Indiana CEO Rich Cooper. “We’ve also seen a significant increase in T H E 2 0 1 1 S E A S O N 20 www.greatlakes-seawayreview.com The reason for this isn’t just the efficiency of our solutions, excellent though they are. Just as important is the efficiency enhancing lifecycle care on offer around the clock and all across the globe. 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Toledo Lucas County Port Authority Port of Toledo T H E 2 0 1 1 S E A S O N GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 21 Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Seaway System 2011 Port Performance 2011 2010 5-Year Average (metric tons) (short tons) (metric tons) (short tons) (metric tons) (short tons) Chicago 5,034,139 5,549,182 4,716,294 5,198,818 2,633,600 2,903,044 Cleveland 3,134,141 3,454,795 2,394,944 2,639,971 2,210,506 2,436,663 Detroit 395,522 435,988 317,554 350,043 421,004 464,077 Duluth 33,657,973 37,101,520 36,132,731 39,829,471 36,605,490 40,350,598 Green Bay 2,162,756 2,384,028 1,730,154 1,907,166 2,047,555 2,257,040 Hamilton 10,040,210 11,067,424 11,472,831 12,646,616 10,556,503 11,636,539 Indiana 8,100,000 8,928,711 7,004,203 7,720,803 n/a n/a Milwaukee 2,896,576 3,192,925 2,324,566 2,562,392 2,926,076 3,225,443 Monroe 1,955,366 2,155,419 2,055,483 2,265,779 3,158,947 3,482,139 Montreal 28,534,264 31,453,605 25,919,667 28,571,508 26,740,585 29,476,414 Ogdensburg 103,420 114,001 105,662 116,472 100,000 110,231 Oshawa 283,917 312,965 267,216 294,555 260,429 287,073 Oswego 1,184,200 1,305,356 1,150,000 1,267,657 1,100,000 1,212,541 Sept-Iles 26,000,000 28,660,060 25,075,353 27,640,812 22,978,748 25,329,704 Three Rivers 3,300,000 3,637,623 3,000,000 3,306,930 2,800,000 3,086,468 Thunder Bay 7,608,692 8,387,137 6,882,277 7,586,403 7,664,089 8,448,202 Toledo 10,440,952 11,509,166 9,851,695 10,859,622 10,099,561 11,132,847 Toronto 1,775,162 1,956,779 1,536,894 1,694,134 1,799,162 1,983,234 Valleyfield 460,685 507,818 409,708 451,625 407,756 449,474 Windsor 5,072,574 5,591,549 5,327,256 5,872,288 5,127,445 5,652,034 SOURCE: AS REPORTED BY INDIVIDUAL PORTS ……………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………….. Hamilton Port Authority West Michigan Port Operators 22 The largest port on the coast of West Michigan Providing your Lake Michigan bulk storage needs 75 years of cargo and material handling experience (231) 722-6691 westmichiganportoperators.org • e-mail inquiries to info@wmpo.com Internationally Accessible Marine Freight Corridors FERRYSBURG | HOLLAND | MUSKEGON T H E 2 0 1 1 S E A S O N GREAT LAKES/SEAWAY REVIEW April-June, 2012 23 capital investment by our port companies as they prepare for future growth. This is a good sign for things to come.” The Port of Indiana-Burns Harbor moved two million tons of cargo in 2011, a 10 percent increase over 2010. Increases came through shipments of limestone, steel, fertilizer, coal and salt. The Port of Milwaukee handled 2.9 million metric tons of cargo in 2011, up 25 percent from 2010. Bulk commodities, including salt, coal, cement and limestone were up 54 percent over a year ago. International tonnage was the down due to significant decreases in grain exports and steel imports. However, general cargoes were up by more than 400 percent as a result of strong energy and mining markets. In addition, liquid cargoes increased by 250 percent. The port received a new workboat in 2011, the Joey D, named for Joseph A. Di Giorgio, Harbor Master and port employee for 37 years. Asphalt, cement and coal shipments made up the bulk of the Port of Monroe’s nearly two million metric tons of waterborne cargo, representing a decrease of about 5 percent from 2010. The port welcomed new tenant Barnhart Crane & Rigging Company in 2011 and looks forward to working with Ventower Industries, a wind-tower fabricator expected to transport utility-scale wind turbine towers through the port. It was a record traffic year for the Port of Montreal, primarily due to a 34 percent increase in shipments of petroleum products. On the whole, liquid bulk traffic totaled almost 11 million metric tons, up 32 percent from 2010. Container cargo made up 44 percent of the port’s total tonnage in 2011, while petroleum represented 35 percent. Total ton

Maritime Editorial